Articulation Chart

Feel free to let strixSF2 edit this any time.
Voice Type Available on Sampler doable? Description
Regular Everything Yes Self-explantory. Includes Regular GM and XG® Tones.
Cool! PSR-E363+
PSR-S Series
CVP Series
CSP Series
Tyros Series
Yes Extra effects (e.g. Chorus, Equalizer, etc.), longer samples. Some patches use Velocity Switch as well. For Electronic Instruments (EP's, Organs, Electric Guitars and Electric Basses).

Seperate Samples required.
Live! PSR-EW410+
PSR-S Series
CVP Series
CSP Series
Tyros Series
Yes Stereo sample, reverb effect. For Solo Acoustic Instruments and Ensemble Instruments, along with Choirs.

Seperate Samples required.
Sweet! PSR-E363+
PSR-S Series
CVP Series
CSP Series
Tyros Series
Yes Vibrato'd sample. For Solo Orchestra Instruments, Vibraphone, Mandolin and Harmonica.

Seperate Samples are required.
Natural! CVP-20x+
DGX-660+ (Piano)
Yes High Quality samples. Higher than the above 3 type of tones.
Digital Piano exclusive articulation.
External Emulation
OrganFlutes™ PSR-S775+
CSP Series
Tyros Series
setBfree only
(Transforms into Nature+ for samplers; Impratical
on Sample Libs)
Adjustable Tonewheel Organs. You can change drawbars in realtime (Samplers like TX16Wx, SoundFont is impratical, therefore only default parameters). There is a Tonewheel Organ emulator called "setBfree", which is a plugin of JACK Audio Connection Kit.
VRM™ CVP-701+
CLP Series
CSP Series
Transforms into Nature+ Virtual Resonance Model. Piano exclusive. External harmonic and resonance samples are required for use, but this is imperfect.
Tyros Series
Yes (However this
term can't be used
due to RT)
Different articulations with different velocity range and key ranges. Uses fixed velocity.
Much like Jazz Scat (Bank 6 Prg 054) from Roland SC-8850. Unlike Jazz Scat, the MegaVoice® Map is available in the data list.

Intended for MIDI Sequences. Not suitable for keyboard playing.
S.Art! Lite™ PSR-E373
No Only trigger an articulation (Parameter change) If "Articulation" button was pressed.

(Selfmade samplers also cannot be done because this is hardware-based)
S.Art!™ PSR-S775+
Tyros 2+
Organs, pure CC01
(Only partial
SoundFont Players
support Modulators.
Use UniPolar mode) and Natural! Conversion only
Pianos: SFZ, CC64 (Same as organs, however this uses Unipolar Switch mode)
Anything Else: No
(Except Surge)
Super Articulation 1. Affacts polymode, randomized layers, modulation wheel / CC01 (e.g. Rotary Speaker Change for Organ), etc. Also includes triggerable articulation.

Clavinova's FM / DX Piano is originally "Natural!", but in arranger, It's "S.Art!
". It's the same.

S.Art!™Piano uses pedal, so this uses Unipolar Switch mode in SF2 Modulators with CC64 in "Attenuation" parameter, Pedal On uses Negative, while Pedal Off uses Positive. Similiar to S.Art Organs.
S.Art2!™ Tyros 3+
(Not 805)
No, as it's patented.
Therefore it doesn't
allowed to develop a
new sampler that can
use more advanced
Super Articulation 2. Orchestral Tones only. It's called "Articulation Element Modeling". Same as S.Art!, but this also affacts vibrato control (Such as Surge's DAHDSR Envelope), along as sample changing by each notes, to be more realistic. The AEM is patented, so it doesn't allowed.
SuperNATURAL® New Roland Transforms into Nature+ for normal user, see below Roland®'s technology.
Physically modelled tones.

Similiar as "S.Art!", "S.Art2!", "VRM" and "Natural!" tones on Yamaha Keyboards.
"SuperNATURAL®" Piano is same as VRM Pianos in Yamaha Clavinova Series.
"SuperNATURAL®" Synth is a Virtual Synth (like Surge. maybe Roland D / JD Series?)
"SuperNATURAL®" Drums = Revo! Drums.
(: - "Colon")
SC-88Pro+ No (Future maybe
A patch that already enabled legato (CC68).
Early version of "Yamaha®S.Art!™" patches, without seperate samples / portamento.
Similiar as polymode "Mono ST+FP" in Surge.
Wide (GS®)
SC-55 (MkII) / TG300B Yes Spatialized patches, which means Lower Key at Left Pan, Higher Key at Right Pan.
D (Dark) SC-55 (MkII) Yes Dark / Mellow / Warm sound.
SC-55 (MkII) Yes Self-explantory.
Keyoff ("O") SC-55 (MkII) Yes Keyoff Sample. Seperate Samples are required.
St(ereo) /
SC-88+ Yes St: Reverbless stereo samples.
L/R: Self-explanatory, Drum Kit exclusive.
Tin Whistle /
Uillean Pipe
SC-8850 Yes Nm: Normal, doesn't affact Mod Env -> Pitch (c).
Or: Orchestra, affacts Mod Env Decay, Hold, Release (s), and Mod Env -> Pitch (c).

Tin Whistle and Uillean Pipe are have two articulations, one is velocity switch, the other 2 are seperate articulations.
Blues Harp
Yes Basic: Lowpass 12db Filter (Or seperate samples)
Suppl(e): Highpass 12db Filter (Seperate samples are required for SoundFonts)
Chord(Code) SC-8850 Yes Self-explantory. Voice Oohs exclusive.
Exp(ressive) SC-88Pro+ Yes Velocity Switch. Early version of "Sweet!" patches.
SC-88Pro+ Yes This is baroque flute. Currently restricted (Prohibit distributing samples, whatever modified or not, unlike strixSF2's one said. Now UK Philharmonia Orchestra samples are down, thus archived) and can't be re-synthesized via analog synthes. Please send GPL-compatible free samples to or if found.
Electric Guitar
SC-88Pro+ Yes TC: Fender Telecaster Guitars. These are available on freepats, under GPL V3 Licence, with exception.
LP: Les Paul Guitars. These are available on  FlameStudios website, under GPL V3 Licence. The exception provided on the website and SoundFont should be compatible with formal compositions. (Unstackable with Freepats' one for link-up) Alternately, Bernhard Trummer (CC-BY-SA 4.0, GPL compatible).
JC: Amplified with Roland's "Jazz Chorus" Guitar Amplifier, similiar as Darlings.gx in Guitarix (Linux-exclusive). In LMMS is Calf Multichorus LADSPA Plugin.
Mt (Muted) SC-8850 Yes Muted Percussion. Short Vol Env Hold, Decay and Release (s).
Op (Open) SC-8850 Yes Open Percussion.
Side SC-8850 Yes Drum hitting on the side, like Side Stick. Seperate Samples are required.
"Random" SC-88Pro+ Yes "Sample and Hold" LFO. Seperate Samples are required. For best performance, use Surge.
"Comp (ress)" SC-88Pro+ Yes Clavinet only. Seperate Samples are required.
LFO SC-88Pro+ Yes LFO Envelope. Seperate Samples are required other than sine LFO.
Dly (Delay) SC-88Pro+
Yes Delay effect. Bass only in SC-88Pro+. SD-90 have 2 delay hits, delay whistle and delay ocarina, along with other delay tones.
"PM" SC-88Pro+ Surge only Just Synth Leads with Portamento FX (CC5 + CC65), like "Portatone" in Yamaha Keyboards.
In SC-88Pro+, Up portamento for attack, down portamento for release.
prefixes for
SC-88+ / XG®
(DX, LM, Digi)
Yes 2600: Arp 2600 (Arppe2600va emulates this, non-free [Can't be redistributed])
CS: Yamaha CS-80 Synthesizer (Arminator 2 emulates this, Freeware [NOT FREE SOFTWARE])
D-50: Self-explantory. Linear Synthesizer (Now is D-05). Saw, Square waves required, as well as acoustic staccato (Wavetable); This is originally PCM Tone, therefore can't be sampled
Digi: Digital (e.g. Digi Church)
DX: Yamaha DX7, emulatable via Dexed (GPL V3)
Farf: Farfisa (Organ only for SC-88Pro+. Farfisa Grand Piano also available)
FM: Self-explantory. Similiar as Yamaha DX7 (Dexed emulates this, GPL V3)
GR: GR-300
Hybrid: Mixed with Acoustic and Electric / Synthesized instruments (Like MIDI Grand in Yamaha PSR-S975) much like Linear Synthes
JP (Jupiter) Series: Self-explantory (Super-7 emulates SuperSaw, non-free. This is 7 Unison). Now Jupiter-X
JPMG: Jupiter & Moog hybrid mix
JUNO Series: Self-explantory (Juno 6 emulates this, GPL V2; Plus Linux-exclusive Bristol)
JX-8P: Roland JX-8P Synthesizer (PG-8X emulates this, closed source, therefore non-free)
KG: Korg
LA: Linear Arithmetic. One of Roland's technology. D-50 / D-05 esqued. 7 types: Synth + Synth, Synth Ringmod + Synth, PCM + Synth, PCM Ringmod + Synth, Synth Ringmod + PCM, PCM + PCM and PCM + PCM Ringmod (PCM is called Wavetable in Surge)
LM: Just a Copyright Trap
MG: Moog
MKS: Self-explantory (only brasses)
OB: Oberheim
P5: Sequential Circuits Prophet 5
SH-5 / SH-101: Self-explantory
TB-303 (TB or 303): Self-explantory (LMMS' LB-302 Emulates this). For acid musics. Now TB-03
VP-330: Self-explantory (Now VP-03). Choir / Voice Synthesizer like SubSynth in ZynAddSubFX
VS: Sequential Circuits Prophet VS (This is sample based therefore can't be sampled; Organ only)

Emulators are:
Dexed: DX, FM
ZynAddSubFX: JP-8000 SuperSaw (PadSynth), VP-330 (SubSynth), Others (AddSynth)
Surge: Others (except LA and D-50, it require Wavetable)
Linux-exclusive Bristol: All (except CS, Farf, MS20, MKS)

Seperate Samples are required for: D-50 (D-05), Farf, LA, VP-330
suffixes for
General MIDI™
Non-GM Devices
Yes Velo: Velocity Switch like "Mini Classic Velo+" in Genos
Atk: Fast attack (Zampona Atk is standalone attack)
Trem: Tremolo
sfz: Sforzando. Brass sfz (Yamaha PSR-S975 includes this) and Synth Brass sfz only
Seperate Samples are required for: Tremolo
New prefix/suffixes
"MW" / "JS" New Yamaha Yes (Also Surge) CC01 modulator attached.
"SW" New Yamaha sfz only (for
Randomized Layers)
sf2 is partial (for CC01 Modulator)
Arranger is Randomized Layers (Like recorder sfz), SoundFont® undoable.
Digital Piano is like CC01 attach, etc.
"V-" prefix New Roland No (Include
Hydrogen for Drums)
100% physical modeling.
There're: V-Piano, V-Accordion, V-Drums, etc.
Unlike SuperNATURAL®technology.
Drums / SFX Everything Yes Normal Percussion.
Live! Series PSR-S775+
Yes Stereo Percussion, reverb effect, dynamic sampling.
Seperate Samples maybe required.
Revo! Series CVP-809
Hydrogen & sfz only Special Percussion. Live! Series + randomized layers (SoundFont®can't do this!) = Revo! Series. (Like SC-8850's L/R Kits and SC-88Pro's Standard 3 Kit)
PCM Native Yes Short loop region, no other noises.
Nature Native Yes Basic long loop region without any other advanced parameters.
Nature+ Native Yes Any type of advanced parameters.

According Yamaha Keyboard Manual, we can't do S.Art! (Partial), S.Art2! or SuperNATURAL® patches on any samplers, nor emulate them.

Also, in Yamaha Keyboards, If the parameter (Such as Voice Edit) was changed on special tones, Something bad will happen!

SuperNATURAL and GS are registered trademarks of Roland.
MegaVoice and XG are registered trademarks of Yamaha.
SoundFont is a registered trademark of Creative Technology Ltd.
AEM / Articulation Element Modeling is a trademark of Yamaha.
Other trademarks are properties of their respective owners.

Maybe SoundFont 3 (Davy [Polyphone owner] suggested) can do special patches.

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